THE ICSD: FOUNDATION
The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf (ICSD) was founded as Le Comité International des Sports Silencieux (CISS) in Paris, France on the 16th August 1924 at a meeting of Deaf sports leaders from France, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Great Britain, Holland, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Romania. At this inaugural meeting, Mr. Eugéne Rubens-Alcais of France was elected the President and Mr. Antoine Dresse was elected the Secretary General. ICSD is an international non-proﬁt organisation solely entitled to govern Global Deaf Sports Movement, including Summer and Winter Deaﬂympics and other sports events for the Deaf worldwide in accordance with its Constitution.
ICSD AFFILIATES 109 MEMBERS
In 1924 CISS included 9 European members,whilst today, the number of ICSD affiliated members, the National Deaf Sports Federations has reached 109.
AFRICA: Algeria, Botswana, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Egypt, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa , Swaziland , Tanzania , Tunisia , Uganda , Zambia , Zimbabwe
ASIA, MIDDLE EAST & OCEANIA: Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Bangladesh, China, Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Phillipines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen
EUROPE: Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzogovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, United Kingdom, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine
NORTH, CENTRAL, SOUTH AMERICA AND CARRIBEAN: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela